Your Rights if Denied the Purchase of a Firearm

IF YOU ARE DENIED THE PURCHASE OR PAWN REDEMPTION OF A FIREARM and do not believe that you are prohibited by state or federal law from purchasing or possessing a firearm, you may:

  • Contact the FTC at (804) 674-2292 to discuss the ineligible determination and/or to provide additional information deemed pertinent to the final determination of eligibility.
  • Contact the FTC at email address firearms@vsp.virginia.gov  to discuss the ineligible determination and/or to provide additional information deemed pertinent to the final determination of eligibility.  Fingerprint comparison may be necessary in some instances, and may support the issuance of a Unique Firearms Identification Number (UFIN) to facilitate future purchase approvals. See our firearm brochure.
  • Review your criminal history record and request correction of the record if the record is found to be in error, pursuant to VA Code § 9.1-132, provided that any such action is initiated within 30 days of the denial.  You may obtain a copy of your Virginia criminal history record by completion of a Criminal History Record Request Form SP-167. This form can be viewed, downloaded, and/or printed by visiting the Virginia State Police Forms page.  This form is also available by calling or writing the following:

    Virginia State Police
    Criminal Justice Information Services Division
    Central Criminal Records Exchange
    P. O. Box C-85076
    Richmond, VA  23261-5076

    Phone: (804) 674-2131

    The completed form may be mailed to the above address or presented in person during regular business hours to:

    Virginia State Police Administrative Headquarters
    7700 Midlothian Turnpike
    Richmond, Virginia
  • Exercise your right to institute a civil action pursuant to VA Code § 9.1-135, provided that any such action is initiated within 30 days of the denial.
  • Elect to direct your challenge to the accuracy of a record, in writing, to:

    NICS Operations Center
    Criminal Justice Information Services Division
    Federal Bureau of Investigation
    1000 Custer Hollow Road, Module C-3,
    Clarksburg, West Virginia
    26306-0147. 

    Electronically submitted appeal requests must be made through the NICS Appeal Website. This process of appeal is authorized by 28 CFR 25.10.

To request a copy of your criminal record from a state other than Virginia, you must communicate directly with that state authority for receipt, update, or correction purposes.

If you are denied the right to purchase a firearm because you have been convicted of a felony as described in VA Code § 18.2-308.2, you may still be eligible to purchase a firearm if your rights have been restored under both state and federal law, see Restoration of Firearm Rights.